The loquat, originally from China and Japan, found in the Mediterranean basin the best acclimatization due to its favourable climate, specifically in the area of Callosa d'en Sarrià and Altea located in the region of Marina Baixa (Alicante, Spain).
The loquat is originally from China, although it was in Japan where it began to be cultivated. That is why its scientific name Eryobotria japan. Eryobotria japónicaIt was introduced in Spain by merchant sailors in the southeastern part of the Peninsula, finding in the Baixa Marina region the best habitat for its propagation and development due to its favourate climate and more specifically in Callosa d'en Sarrià, where loquats are recognised with Protected Designation of Origin (PDO)..
Callosa d’en Sarria is the main municipality of loquat cultivation and production. It is located in the province of Alicante, in the northern part of the Marina Baixa region, 10 km from the coast and 40 km from the city of Alicante. The land is marked by the rivers that cross it, the Algar river and the Guadalest. It is also surrounded by the mountains of Aitana, Bernia and Xortá that protect it from the north winds. It is an oasis of greenery and clean waters where you can find the sea and the mountains in a few kilometres.
There are 19 municipalities in Alicante that are protected under the certification of origin: Callosa d’en Sarrià, Altea, Bolulla, Polop, La Nucia, Tárbena, Guadalest, Benimantell, Beniardà, Confrides, Benifato, Alfaz del Pi, Villajoyosa, Benidorm, Finestrat, Relleu, Sella, Orcheta y Aigües de Bussot.